Ethical Guidelines for Submitting a Journal Article:
The publication of an article is essential as a building block for the development of an articulate and respected network of knowledge. It is published in a peer-reviewed journal and it is a reflection of the quality of work of the authors and the institutions that support them. The articles in peer-reviewed journals support and embody the scientific method. Thus, it is critical to agree upon the standards of expected ethical behavior.
Multiple or redundant publication:
• Submit your article to just one journal at a time so that it gets reviewed by one editor and one set of reviewers.
• You may withdraw your paper if you decide you want to send it to another journal.
Do not plagiarize:
• Be sure that authors have written entirely original works.
• Be sure to cite to your own work as well as others correctly.
• For any reproduced works (e.g., figures or tables), be sure to obtain written permissions.
Be specific and clear on authorship:
• Include all the contributors to your article. Authorship should be limited to only those who have made a significant contribution of the reported study.
• With your co-authors, decide and agree on which journal you are submitting to.
Conflict of interest:
• Disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any person, financial, or other relationships with other people or organizations within the three years of beginning the submitted work that could influence, or be perceived to influence, the work.
Role of the funding source:
• Identify who provided financial support for conducting the research and/or preparation of the article.
• Describe the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication.
• If there are no funding sources, then this should be mentioned.
• Provide proper acknowledgment of the work of others.
• Be sure that the acknowledgments are up-to-date.
Fundamental errors in published articles:
• Upon discovering a significant error or inaccuracy of published work, the author has an obligation to notify promptly the journal editor or publisher. It may be necessary to work with the editor to either retract or correct the paper.
Re-check your data:
• If you are using datasets by others, be sure to obtain permission from them.
• If a statistician provided help with data analysis, be sure to acknowledge this.
• You may be asked to provide the raw data and thus, you should be prepared to provide public access to such data.
• The editor must ensure that manuscripts are processed in a confidential manner and that no content of the manuscripts will be disclosed to anyone other than the author, reviewers, or the publisher, as needed.
• The editor should recuse himself or herself from processing the manuscripts in the case that he or she has any conflict of interest with any of the authors or institutions.
• The editor has the right to make the final decision on whether to accept or reject a manuscript. A reference to the significance, originality, and clarity of the manuscript and its relevance to the journal must be provided.
• If a reviewer feels unqualified to review the assigned manuscript or affirms that he or she cannot meet the deadline for completing the review, s/he should immediately notify the editor and excuse himself or herself from the process of reviewing.
• The reviewer must treat the manuscript in a confidential manner and it should not be disclosed to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.
• The reviewer must approach the peer-review assignment objectively. Any personal criticism of the author is not allowed.
• The reviewer must not use any part of any data or work reported in the submitted and as yet unpublished articles for his or her own research.